Canoe Kayak Canada is the governing body of competitive canoeing and kayaking disciplines in Canada. The three specific disciplines represented are flatwater, whitewater and marathon. CanoeKayak Canada officially replaced the name "Canadian Canoe Association" in 2005, although the former title is still used by the organization. The name change came about from a desire to include the kayaking discipline in the organization's name.
CKC head offices are located in Ottawa, Ontario although divisional and provincial offices as well as high performance centres are maintained throughout the country.
The Canadian Canoe Association was founded in 1900 in Brockville, Ontario. There were nine initial charter clubs: Carleton Place Canoe Club (Carleton Place), Brockville Rowing Club (Brockville), Brockville Y.M.C.A. (Brockville), Bohemian Amateur Athletic Association (Brockville), Lachine Boat & Canoe Club (Montreal), Grand Trunk Boating Club (Montreal), Britannia Boat House Club (Ottawa), Ottawa Canoe Club (Ottawa), Kingston Yacht Club (Kingston). Carleton Place Canoe Club is the only surviving charter member within the organization although the Lachine club has survived through revival. Brockville Rowing, Ottawa, Britannia Yacht Club and Kingston still operate but outside the organization.
The Association was founded in an effort to coordinate Canadian canoe clubs into a national competition separate from that of the American Canoe Association (to which these clubs belonged until 1900). The national championship was initiated in 1900 although no club champion was designated until 1904, the Ottawa Canoe Club becoming the first official Canadian Champion at that time.
Championships were cancelled during the years 1916-1918 and 1942-1945 due to the two world wars. While the national championship continues to this day and is considered the premier national regatta, provincial divisions and regions have organized a variety of events to fill out the seasonal schedule of events for competitors. CanoeKayak Canada also runs annual selection trials to determine their national team - athletes chosen to compete in international events including Pan American Games, Junior and Senior World Championships, and the Olympic Games.
CanoeKayak Canada now boasts the largest membership it has ever had. Club membership has risen to over 60 member clubs across the country and individual membership continues to grow. The organization has initiated three recent programs to assist with domestic development: Canoe Kids, a program aimed at introducing more young people to the sport of canoe-kayak; the Aboriginal Paddling Initiative, a program aimed at incorporating more aboriginal clubs into the organization's membership; Paddle-All, a program designed to include all athletes of varying disabilities.